A dental implant treatment is an artificial tooth root that your dentist places into your jaw to hold a replacement tooth or bridge. Dental implants are an ideal option for people in good general oral health who have lost a tooth or teeth due to periodontal disease, an injury or some other reason.
What dental implants can do?
Advantages of dental implants:
Every way you look at it, dental implants are a better solution to the problem of missing teeth.
How will the implant be placed?
First, the implant, which looks like a screw or cylinder, is placed into your jaw. Over the next two to six months, the implant and the bone are allowed to bond together to form an anchor for your artificial tooth. During this time, a temporary tooth replacement option can be worn over the implant site. Often, a second step of the procedure is necessary to uncover the implant and attach an extension. This small metal post, called an abutment, completes the foundation on which your new tooth will be placed. Your gums will be allowed to heal for a couple of weeks following this procedure. There are some implant systems (one-stage) that do not require this second step. These systems use an implant which already has the extension piece attached. Your periodontist will advise you on which system is best for you. Finally, a replacement tooth called a crown will be created for you by your dentist and attached to the abutment. After a short time, you will experience restored confidence in your smile and your ability to chew and speak. Dental implants are so natural-looking and feeling; you may forget you ever lost a tooth.
A root canal treatment, which is also referred to as an endodontic treatment, is a common dental procedure that is used by dentists to remove diseased or dead nerve tissue from inside a tooth.
Why is the Root Canal performed?
The pulp is the living tissue of the tooth with blood supply and nerve supply. Once the dental caries (decay) involves the pulp, the pulp gets infected causing pain. The aim of the root canal treatment is to remove the infected pulp. This is done by removing the infected pulp with files in the pulp chamber and cleaning and shaping the root canals and sealing the canal with a filling material.
How the Root Canal treatment performed?
The nerve tissue is located in the pulp of the tooth, which is a soft part of the tooth that begins at the crown of the tooth and goes all the way down to the root. In the past, the disease was likely to spread to the tooth and jaw, causing infection; this usually led to the tooth being removed. Presently, dentists can often recognize that a nerve is diseased before it has a chance to infect the tooth. Following discovery of this diseased nerve, the dentist can perform a root canal to remove the pulp, including the damaged nerve.
The dentist will drill a small hole into the tooth, and then remove the pulp. The root canal is then thoroughly cleansed and re-shaped so the hole can be filled. Once the cleaning is completed, the dentist will sometimes use an antiseptic to kill any remaining germs. If the infection has spread too far to be killed by this point, the dentist may administer medicine to handle the infection and/or leave the hole open for a few days so it has a chance to drain. Following this, the root canal and pulp cavity will be filled and sealed. The last step is the placement of a crown over the tooth to give it extra strength and so it matches the rest of the teeth.
A dental crowns and bridges, or dental cap, covers your damaged tooth and is a solid replacement for a damaged natural tooth. Dental crowns & bridges can last for decades, but eventually they need repairing or replacing.
A crown fits just like a natural tooth because it is created from impressions of your tooth. After your crown is in place, your tooth will be stronger and last longer. Dental Associates offers a variety of materials for your dental crown, and our dentists in Basavangudi will discuss the best option for your individual case.
Dental crowns are used to restore damaged teeth. They are prepared to mimic the shape, size and color of your surrounding teeth. You can use a crown on a cracked tooth with deep cavities or for a variety of other reasons, such as to protect teeth that have undergone root canal treatment; to provide extra support for bridges; or to cover poorly shaped or colored teeth.
Dental crowns may be made of metal, porcelain, or other porcelain-fused restorative materials. They are custom-made and fitted for each patient according to the size and length of the natural teeth being treated. Crowns typically last five to eight years, but can last much longer with proper oral hygiene.
A bridge stabilizes the bite of a patient who is missing one or more teeth. Dental bridges prevent the surrounding teeth from moving or shifting in the mouth. Missing teeth not only make talking and chewing more difficult, but they can also cause other problems over time. Teeth adjacent to the space in your mouth can eventually shift into the empty space, which can affect your bite and lead to gum disease or other disorders such as TMJ (temporomandibular joint issues). One way to take care of a gap caused by a missing tooth is with a dental bridge. There are two types of bridges: removable and permanent. Removable dental bridges, also called partial dentures, can be taken out and cleaned, and permanent dental bridges, sometimes called dentures.
Our Dentist in Kincha dental clinic will recommend the best bridge to keep your mouth at its healthiest and you at your happiest. With proper care and dental hygiene, your bridge will keep you smiling for many years to come. A dental bridge is a fixed appliance that is placed in the mouth when one or more teeth are missing. Usually, the pontic (or false) teeth are anchored to the healthy teeth on either side of the gap, which are called the abutment teeth. You might need dental bridge repair because your bridge has broken, or dentist identified a problem during a routine checkup.
Periodontal disease is diagnosed when gingival or gum tissue attachment to the teeth is abnormal and bone changes may be evident through x-rays. A Periodontist will determine the degree of periodontal disease by examining "pockets" between the gum and tooth to see how much attachment loss exists and then will thoroughly examine the x-rays.
When periodontal disease is detected, first recommendations are a few behavioral changes including an enhanced oral hygiene program, quitting smoking, and possibly some additional lifestyle changes. A regular and thorough professional tartar or calcified plaque removal program will become an essential part of your oral hygiene routine. Typically this is a painless procedure but, in some extreme cases, pain medication may be required for a few days.
Surgical Therapy/Regenerative Procedures
In cases of severe periodontal disease, surgery will be necessary to repair and regenerate the soft and hard tissues and replace any missing teeth. The goal of surgery is to eliminate pockets between the gum and tooth and attempt to encourage reattachment and normal function and esthetics to the patient. Procedures that regenerate lost bone and tissue supporting your teeth can reverse some of the damage caused by periodontal disease.
Periodontal Plastic Surgery Procedures
Periodontists are often considered the plastic surgeons of dentistry. If you are looking to improve your smile, a periodontist may be able to help.
Gummy Smile or Uneven Gum Line
Do you feel your teeth look too short and your smile is too gummy or your gums cover too much of some teeth while leaving the others the right length? If so, dental crown lengthening might be the solution for you. During this procedure, excess gum tissue is removed to expose more of the crown of the tooth. Then your gum line is sculpted to give your new smile just the right look.
Sometimes gum recession causes the tooth root to become exposed, which makes your teeth look long and can make you look older than you are. This recession can happen as a result of a variety of causes, including periodontal diseases.
Gum graft surgery and other root coverage procedures are designed to cover exposed roots, to reduce further gum recession and to protect vulnerable roots from decay.
Ridge augmentation can fill in this defect recapturing the natural contour of the gums and jaw. A new tooth can then be created that is natural looking, easy to clean and beautiful.
People of any age can benefit from orthodontic treatment. Teeth that are crooked crowded, or that stick out affect the way your teeth look and work. Orthodontic treatment not only improves the look of your smile but your health as well. Straight teeth are easier to clean and less likely to get tooth decay or injured. If you are not happy with the way your teeth look or work, orthodontic treatment may help.
What is orthodontic treatment?
Orthodontic treatment straightens your teeth so they look and work better. Braces or other appliances are used to put gentle pressure on your teeth. Over a number of months or years this pressure can move your teeth into the right position.
Why you may need orthodontics?
The position of your teeth and jaws has an effect on your bite. Your bite is how your top and bottom teeth come together. When your top and bottom teeth do not fit together properly, this is called a malocclusion or a bad bite. Problems like missing, crooked, crowded or protruding teeth can contribute to a bad bite. Thumb or finger sucking may also affect your bite.
A bad bite can make it hard to chew some foods and may cause some teeth to wear down. It can also cause muscle tension and pain. Teeth that stick out are more easily chipped or broken. Crowded and crooked teeth are harder to clean and may be more likely to get cavities and gum disease. Fixing a bad bite improves your smile and your health. Different types of bad bites include an overbite, a cross bite, an over jet and an open bite.
Depending on the extent of your bad bite, your dentist or orthodontist may suggest one or a combination of the following orthodontic treatments to correct your bite:
If the milk teeth are well looked after, then it is more likely that the second (permanent) teeth will grow into their correct position. Did you know that babies in utero have about 20 teeth already developing? Children’s teeth begin forming before birth. As early as 4 but usually at 6-7 months, the first milk teeth to erupt are the lower central incisors, followed closely by the upper central incisors. Although 20 milk teeth usually appear by age 3, the pace and order of their eruption varies. The first permanent tooth is usually one of the four six year- molars –so named because they appear around age 6. Molars are important because they help shape the lower.
A word of caution: The 6 year permanent molars are often mistaken as milk teeth & neglected. Permanent second molars usually appear around age 12. At that time, your child will have a complete set of teeth except for the wisdom teeth or third molars which usually appear between age 17 and 25. Special attention should be paid to your child’s teeth during the teen years, as it is during these years that most decay occurs.
Cosmetic dentistry is generally used to refer to any dental work that improves the appearance (though not necessarily the function) of a person's teeth, gums and/or bite. It primarily focuses on improvement dental aesthetics in color, position, shape, size, alignment and overall smile appearance. The full conservative cosmetic dental procedures have greatly enhanced a dentist's ability to give their patients a better smile.
Tooth coloured fillings are known as Composite Resin Dental Fillings. Composite Fillings are made of plastic dental resins which are tooth coloured, strong, durable, that would perfectly match the shade of your tooth and thereby provide a very natural smile. The tooth colored composite fillings is also done.
Chips/rough spots/cavities/cracks: These can be filled with a tooth-coloured material called composite. The colour of the composite can be chosen so that it matches the color of your teeth.
Uneven teeth: It's not uncommon for a tooth to be slightly longer or have a different shape than its neighbours. With a procedure called recontouring, your dentist can reshape the tooth so that it's a better match.
Gaps between the teeth: Small gaps can be closed by applying composite material between the teeth.
Broken or crooked teeth: Mild chips of enamel or mild alignment corrections can be done with composite fillings.
When a person has had all of their teeth removed we must make complete dentures for the person to wear. Dentures are an acceptable solution, but no match for our real teeth! Hence we always try to save natural teeth. When the teeth are removed we are left with a ridge of bone on the upper and lower parts of our mouth that we can use to put false teeth on. The lower denture always takes a little more work for most patients to get used to for two reasons: lack of height of bone and presence of the tongue. The tongue increases in size in an edentulous mouth and it resists any new encumbrances to its unchallenged domain. In the upper ridge however there are no such interferences.
An important step in maintaining a healthy smile is to replace missing teeth. When teeth are missing, the remaining ones can change position, drifting into the surrounding space. Teeth that are out of position can damage tissues in the mouth. In addition, it may be difficult to clean thoroughly between crooked teeth. As a result, you run the risk of tooth decay and periodontal (gum) disease, which can lead to the loss of additional teeth. In situations where only some teeth are missing we can also use a Removable Partial Denture.
A removable partial denture fills in the space created by missing teeth and fills out your smile. It is usually used when the space without teeth is too large for a bridge, or there are no teeth on either side of the gap or for economic reasons. The partial denture locks into place with its metal clasps. A denture helps you to properly chew food, a difficult task when you are missing teeth. In addition, a denture may improve speech and prevent a sagging face by providing support for lips and cheeks. There are two types of these: ones made fully of plastic (acrylic) or ones having a metal framework for rigidity and the teeth are the same kind used in full dentures. The latter ones are called CAST partial dentures and are much better and expensive.
Consultants in oral and maxillofacial Surgery (OMFS) deal with the diagnosis and treatment of patients with diseases affecting the mouth, jaws, face and neck. Oral and maxillofacial surgeons work with patients of all ages from newborn babies to elderly people. They treat children who are born with or develop deformities of their skull or face including cleft lip/palate. Much of their work with young adults involves surgery following an injury or accident. In the older population they often treat oral cancer and skin tumours of the face and head.
In addition to performing surgery, oral and maxillofacial surgeons also deal with the non-surgical management of conditions such as facial pain, oral mucosal disease and infections.
Procedures undertaken by oral and maxillofacial surgeons include:
Laser dentistry can be a precise and effective way to perform many dental procedures. The potential for laser dentistry to improve dental procedures rests in the dentist's ability to control power output and the duration of exposure on the tissue (whether gum or tooth structure), allowing for treatment of a highly specific area of focus without damaging surrounding tissues.
If you consider yourself somewhat of an anxious dental patient and are seeking extreme safety and comfort, you might consider looking for dentists who have incorporated laser dentistry techniques into their practices and treatments. As the applications for dental lasers expand, greater numbers of dentists will use the technology to provide patients with precision treatment that may minimize pain and recovery time.
Benefits of Laser Dentistry?
Here are some of the major benefits associated with laser dentistry:
Wisdom teeth extractions are a fairly common procedure. Wisdom teeth often cause problems as they are trying to protrude through the gums. When a wisdom tooth is impacted, it means the tooth is coming in at an angle and not straight through the gum line. This can cause pain, the tooth can come in unevenly, or the tooth may only emerge partially.
Impacted teeth and wisdom teeth that can potentially cause problems, like infections, need to be removed. Extractions can range from a single tooth, to removing all four wisdom teeth at once. Based on the preference of the doctor and/or the patient, a local anesthetic could be used to numb the areas where the teeth will be extracted. Others will prefer to go under a general anesthetic so that they will be sedated during the procedure.
The gum tissue around the wisdom tooth is cut open to reveal the tooth. The tooth is loosened by gripping it tightly and wiggling it back and forth until it can be lifted out of the gums. Sometimes a tooth may be impacted so tightly that it cannot be simply lifted out of the gums. In cases like this the tooth will be broken up into pieces first before being removed. Depending on the incision and extraction site, sutures may be needed to close the area. Soluble sutures are the best option, which will dissolve on their own.